ماذا نشره جنود ألغزو ألأنجلوفرنسي عن فترة وجودهم في بورسعيد 1956 - منتديات المطاريد
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
وَهُوَ الَّذِي فِي السَّمَاءِ إِلَٰهٌ وَفِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَٰهٌ ۚ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ (84) وَتَبَارَكَ الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَعِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ (85) "الزخرف"

منتديات المطاريد | الهجرة الى كندا | الهجرة الى استراليا

 



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    العودة   منتديات المطاريد > تاريخ مصر والعالم > تاريخ مصر > تاريخ مصر الحديث > العدوان الثلاثى وحرب 1956

    العدوان الثلاثى وحرب 1956

    ماذا نشره جنود ألغزو ألأنجلوفرنسي عن فترة وجودهم في بورسعيد 1956


    الهجرة إلى كندا والولايات المتحدة واستراليا

    مواقع هامة وإعلانات نصية

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    افتراضي ماذا نشره جنود ألغزو ألأنجلوفرنسي عن فترة وجودهم في بورسعيد 1956

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    ماذا نشره جنود ألغزو ألأنجلوفرنسي عن فترة وجودهم في بورسعيد 1956
    "سطورهم باللغة الإنجليزية، من موقع سابق عن حروب بريطانيا"






    سيتم أدناه ، بداية نشر ألكثير من ألمواضيع بأللغة ألإنجليزية ، أستخلصهم من "نسخة" موقع "حروب بريطانيا" ألذي إنتهي وجوده ألأصلي ، رغم محاولات إستعادة أصول مواضيعه وصوره ووثائقه في موقع فيس بوك

    أنهم مواضيع وسطور وأيضا "صور تاريخية... ضاعت وللأسف ، سيتم نشرهم أو نشر رابطتهم أيضا" ، توثق أيضا ما كتبه ويكتبه جنود بريطانيين ، شاركوا في حملة غزو بورسعيد، عن مشاعرهم وإنطباعاتهم

    كنت أدون وأوثق حتي الأن هنا في ألمنتدي وفي غيره أيضا من ألمنتديات "ألعربية" ألأخري أحداث وتفاصيل ألعدوان ألأنجلوفرنسي علي بورسعيد وغزوها إبتداء من يوم الإثنين 5 نوفمبر 1956 ، حتي مغادرتهم ألمدينة ، بشكل مفاجيء" مساء يوم 22 ديسمبر ، وعن نشاطات مقاومتنا لهم ، وغير ذلك من ألتفاصيل ألأخري.

    لم ةتنحصر ، مواضيعي عن تلك ألفترة ، علي ألنشر في ألمنتديات ألعربية فقط ، ولكن كانت تشمل أيضا منتديات أخري وخاصة ، "منتديات بريطانية عسكرية" ، حيث ينشر ألجنود ألبريطانيين وألفرنسيين سطور ذكرياتهم في تلك لفترة .... وقد كان ألغرض "تحديا" وأيضا "تصحيحا" أو إستكمالا لسطور مواضيعهم ، وتوثيقا للحقائق

    وخاصة ، ما كان يشيعه ألبعض ، عنا في بورسعيد ومقاومتنا ألسرية ألمسلحة ضدهم ، وبالذات، عندما كان ينشر "بعضهم" سطور حول "إختطاف" وكيفية "موت" ألملازم أنطوني مورهاوس " إبن عمة ملكة بريطانيا ، وهي ألعملية ألعظيمة ألتي قامت بها ألمجموعة ألرابعة بقيادة محمد حمد ألله رحمه ألله ، وقيامي فيما بعد بتخبئة جثتة ، والإيهام بتهريبه للقاهرة منعا لإكتشاف "ألجنرال ستوكويل" ، وتنفيذه تهديده ، بتدمير حي ألعرب أو عملية إغتيال ألميجور جون وليامز رئيس مخابرات ألقوات ألبريطانية في بورسعيد وألتي قام بها ألمرحوم ألبطل "ألسيد عسران" وحده ودون أي مشاركة أو أي توجيه من قيادة ألمقاومة ألسرية .

    يختلف ، تقويم بعضهم ، ولكن ألقراءة بين سطور مواضيعهم ، توضح "ألحقيقة" ألتي لا يعترف بها أي منهم .... وهي "ألـــخــــــوف" من نشاطات مقاومتنا ألسرية ألمسلحة وألرغبة في ألعودة إلي بريطانيا .... طبعا يدعي بعضهم بطولات وشجاعة ، بينما حافظ آخرين علي تواضع "ألواقعية وألحقيقة ألمطلقة".

    لن أطيل ، ولكن أقترح ، علي من يريد معرفة "ألوجه الآخر للميدالية" ، أن يقرأ سطور مواضيع جنودهم ، وأن يستخلص لنفسه ألصورة والإنطباع ألذي يريده ....


    "راجع وثيقة محافظة بورسعيد علي ألرابطة ألتالية"

    https://www.almatareed.org/vb/showthread.php?t=35741
    "


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    افتراضي Operation Musketeer

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر





    Operation Musketeer


    اقتباس



    President NassarThe post war strain on Anglo-Egyptian relations came to a head on 26th July 1956 when President Nassar announced the nationalization of the Anglo-French Suez Canal Co. The last British troops had left the area earlier that month because the Egyptians had made it impossible for the base to function effectively, which caused the British government to withhold new aircraft and equipment for the Egyptian forces. The Egyptians consequently went to the Eastern bloc for their needs which caused the Western powers to withdraw their support from Egypt's Aswan high dam project. This resulted in Egypt taking over the Canal.

    3 Para on Gamil airfieldBritain and France reacted to this threat, which could cut off their remaining Far East colonies, strongly despite US opposition to an invasion. British civilians were evacuated from Egypt and the reservists were called up. The newly formed Israel joined the Anglo-French alliance. On 31st October, H.M.S. Eagle, Albion and Bulwark left Malta with the Helicopter Carriers H.M.S. Ocean and Theseus. At 4.44am Transport command dropped six hundred men of 3 Para on Gamil airfield in Egypt. British troops had been committed to the Suez Crisis.


    Please note that we have only touched the surface of the Suez invasion and will be adding more information to this site as time permits and we welcome any corrections to the above.



    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    افتراضي The Invasion of Suez

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر








    Suez: Graphic by Martin

    The Invasion of Suez




    اقتباس


    اقتباس

    اقتباس

    Port Said attackedOn 31st October, with RAF aircraft already pounding Egypt, A Royal Navy Task Force left Malta comprised of H.M.S. Eagle, H.M.S. Albion and H.M.S. Bulwark carrying Fleet Air Arm aircraft and H.M.S. Ocean and H.M.S. Thesues carrying helicopters and troops bound for the beaches. The LST Lofoten, with men and equipment of No.45 Commando onboard, also accompanied the fleet with its escort of destroyers and frigates. Meanwhile, the cruiser H.M.S. Newfoundland encountered an unknown contact while on patrol at the southern end of the canal zone. The target, on being challenged, opened fire on the cruiser causing minor damage. The Newfoundland replied with her 6 inch guns and sunk the Egyptian frigate Domiat after six minutes, 69 of her crew being rescued.

    Gamil airfieldAt 4.44am on 5th November, six hundred men of 3 Para were dropped from RAF Hasting and Valetta aircraft onto El Gamil airfield. They soon secured the airfield againstlittle opposition and achieved all their objectives during the day, and were reinforced when another drop of 100 men and equipment was made in the afternoon.


    seaborne landingsThe Seaborne landings the following morning were at Port Said and the French held Port Fuad. Nos. 40 and 42 commando made an assault landing in LVTs (Landing Vehicle Tracked) supported by a number of centurion tanks. No.45 Commando was flown ashore by Six Whirlwinds and Six Sycamore helicopters from H.M.S. Ocean and Whirlwinds from H.M.S. Theseus, landing virtually unopposed, although a few pockets of determined resistance were dealt with by the Close Air Support which was always present.


    British troops on the CanalBy the end of the day, the Allied forces had consolidated their positions and were confident that the Suez canal would be in their hands within the next 24 hours. During the night the first LSTs berthed at Port Said and began unloading their Centurion tanks . At that point, the Allies were forced to withdraw under pressure from the United Nations and Russia. A Ceasefire coming into effect at 2345 on 6th November. The troops began to evacuate on 7th December and the last troops left on 22nd December.


    Please note that we have only touched the surface of the Suez invasion and will be adding more information to this site as time permits and we welcome any corrections to the above.




    [quote]

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    افتراضي The War at Sea

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    The War at Sea











    اقتباس



    On 2nd August 1956, a Royal proclamation announced the call up of all reservists and the retention of all troops due for discharge. All carriers at sea were recalled to port and Bulwark embarked her air group of three squadrons of Sea Hawks. The training carrier Theseus and Ocean were pressed into service as troopships, sailing at the end of July. Albion was dispatched to the Mediterranean on September 15th, with No.800 (Sea Hawk), 809 (Sea Venom), 802 (Sea Hawk) and 849C (Skyraider) NAS embarked.

    carriersTheseus and Ocean had, in the meantime, returned home and were being equipped with more permanent accommodation for troops, Ocean also being fitted out with an operating theatre and extensive hospital facilities. The amphibious forces had been found to be totally inadequate for the projected amphibious assault. Only 2 tank-landing ships were actually in service out of a total of 32, the remainder having being mothballed, and only 12 could be made ready in time. The original target was Alexandria, but a political decision on 10th September changed this to Port Said. The plan was to achieve total air superiority before carrying out an airborne assault to secure initial objectives. This would be followed by a seaborne invasion to consolidate and secure a beachhead for the main assault. Troops and materiel would land under cover of naval gunfire support. The landings were scheduled to take place on 15th September, after two weeks of air strikes. The decision of changing the objective also postponed the landings to 1st October and then to an undetermined date.

    Before Theseus and Ocean's conversion were completed, their role was changed to helicopter carriers. This enabled the initial assault to transport enough troops ashore in the first few hours to secure the beachhead. After carrying out exercises with their embarked helicopter units they sailed for the Mediterranean in mid-October.

    As the British forces sailed for the Middle-East there were also convoys of merchant navy ships sent with cargos ranging from troops, to aviation fuel and other necessities for the forthcoming assault on the canal. The crews of the Merchant Navy ships were entitled to the Naval General Service Medal (with red and white ribbon), and the HM Armed Forces Veterans badge. As with all major naval operations accomplished by the Royal Navy in the twentieth century, none of this could have been accomplished withoyut the service of the Merchant navy and the ships.

    On 29th October, the Israelis attacked the Egyptians in the Sinai and the British-French ultimatum was issued. HMS Ocean embarked No.45 Commando at Malta, while LST Lofoften took on board their equipment and heavy stores. On 2nd November the two ships with an escort of destroyers and frigates headed out into the Mediterranean. Hostilities commenced on 31st October.

    The only 'action' that occurred at sea during Operation Musketeer was the following incident involving H.M.S. Newfoundland, a Fiji Class cruiser on 31st October;

    While patrolling the Red Sea south of Suez, H.M.S. Newfoundland encountered the Egyptian frigate Domiat and signaled her to heave to. The Egyptian captain ignored this instruction and as the Newfoundland closed to 1,500 yards, the order was given to open fire. Despite the heavy weight of fire from the British warship, the Egyptians bravely returned fire until their vessel capsized. Aboard the Newfoundland, the Royal Marines were serving the 6-inch guns. Band Sergeant Evans and Marine Waite were among those wounded by two 4-inch ****ls from the Egyptian frigate that hit the Newfoundland while 69 of the Domiat's crew were rescued. The Newfoundland destroyed the Domiat's bridge and wheelhouse. The Domiat was finished off by HMS Diana, a daring class destroyer when it was thought the Domiat was trying to ram her.

    The second incident involved H.M.S. Crane, which was attacked by four Israeli aircraft and in the ensuing gunfight, shot down one of the jets. The task force at the time in the Gulf of Suez consisted of HMS Newfoundland, HMS Crane, HMS Modeste and two French Ships (The La Perouse and the Gazelle). Prior to the engagement with the Jets, we were supposed to be relieved of the duty of patrol by the La Parouse, but both French ships refused to leave their Djibouti base.

    RAF raids began on the same night, which were followed by carrier aircraft raids on the morning of 1st November against Egyptian airfields by Wyverns, Sea Hawks and Sea Venoms. By nightfall on the 2nd November, the Egyptian air force had ceased to exist, and on 5th November the first paratroops landed at Gamil. Whirlwind helicopters from Albion and Bulwark landed with urgent supplies and ferried out wounded troops. Pre-assault bombardment began the next day and as the landing craft left their mother ships, the helicopters were back in the air with more troops aboard.

    The LVTs landed Centurion tanks to support the Commandos as they fanned out across the beaches. More waves of helicopters followed landing troops and ferrying out wounded men. The helicopters returned to the carriers to reload, taking only one minute to get the marines aboard, refuelling after every second trip. The LVTs continued their unloading as troopships in the harbour unloaded more troops.

    Following UN intervention and threats from America, a ceasefire came into effect at 2345 on 6th November, and the evacuation of British troops began on 7th December with the last troops leaving on 22nd December.


    Also See
    British Ships involved in the Suez crisis
    H.M.S. Jamaica Colony class six-inch cruiser Suez November 1956



    H.M.S. Newfoundland

    Engines


    4-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers 72,500hp

    Fuel


    1,613-1,700 tons Oil

    Speed in Knots


    33

    Length (ft/inches)


    555.5'

    Beam (ft/inches)


    62'

    Draught (ft/inches)


    16.5'

    Displacements (tons)


    8,530 tons Standard; 10,450 tons deep load

    Armament


    Four Triple or Three Triple 6in/50 Mk XXIII turrets,
    Four Twin 4in/45 QF Mk XVI HA turrets
    and Two (Or Twelve) Quadruple 2 pounders pompom,
    Six 21inch Torpedo Tubes (Unsure of Armament at this period)

    Armour


    3.5inch belt, 2inch on turrets, 4inch control tower and 2inch deck armour.

    Crew Complement


    980

    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    افتراضي H.M.S. Jamaica

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    !For Medical Professionals Only

    H.M.S. Jamaica


    Colony class six-inch cruiser

    By James Robinson
    ex Royal Marine 1947 to 1971
    as relayed to him by his brother in-law
    who served aboard Jamaica as part of the RM. contingent

    اقتباس

    اقتباس

    HMS JamaciaAs early as 0400 hrs on the morning of the landing, Jamaica, Dutchess, Diamond and Decoy, steamed ahead of the landing craft, taking up station in line, Jamaica leading. The bombardment warships began their measured approach to the beaches of Port Said. By first light on a clear morning, the hostile coastline of Port Said appeared. The marines on the 4 inch gun mounting looked up at the fore-mast, as the brand new battle ensign was hoisted. Jamaica, gently steaming straight for the beaches, began a slow turn to port. The range was no more than one and a half to two miles.

    Tension was building, as the cruiser had still not opened fire, "why haven't the 6 inch opened fire", one of the Marines asked, "the gunnery officer must have lost his matches", the Marine sergeant answered, with a wry smile.

    Once Jamaica had completed a ninety degree turn, Dutchess, Diamond, and Decoy, steamed past her stern, closing the range to what seemed less than a mile, they also turned to port to lie stopped, parallel to the shore line. Eighteen 4.5 inch guns began a systematic, and deadly, bombardment of the landing area. During the bombardment, the tanoy system on-board Jamaica gave an explanation as to why the cruiser had not opened fire, "We have received orders from very high up, that no large caliber guns are to be used, the reasoning is to keep Egyptian casualties to a minimum". The news was greeted, throughout the ship, with derision, and fury.

    "It's all right for those stupid politicians in bloody London, but what about our lads standing by to go ashore"? fumed one of the marines, "so what's a few dead Royal Marines as long as you don't hurt any Arabs or bust a few windows".

    "That's the trouble with modern warfare", said one of the Marines with contempt. But what really upset the marines, was not being able to support their mates ashore, The ships tanoy announced, "the helicopters you can see overhead are from the carriers 'Ocean' and Theseus', They are ferrying ashore men of 45 Royal Marine Commando. You are witnessing Naval History in the making. This is the first time helicopters have been use in an opposed landing".






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    افتراضي The Last Drop 3 Para at El Gamil airfield

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    The Last Drop
    3 Para at El Gamil airfield



    اقتباس

    اقتباس


    اقتباس
    NicosiaBy the time the 3rd Parachute Battalion landed at El Gamil airfield, Operation Musketeer had suffered a series of last minute changes from it's regional plan. The airborne operation of the invasion of the Suez, called for a British parachute drop on Port Said airfield, El Gamil, and a French drop at Port Fouad. The British paratroopers were to secure the airfield, and then link up with the seaborne troops in Port Said. The airborne operation could not take place before the 6th of November, because the invasion convoys could not sail from Malta until the 31st of October. The French government, fearing that the delay would damage the operation, pressed for an earlier drop and an amended plan. The British 16th Independent Parachute Brigade would still drop at El Gamil, but the French would now drop at Raswa. The British agreed to launch this updated operation on the 5th of November at dawn. This would mean the Battalion would be on the ground fighting for 24 hours before the main seaborne invasion arrived.

    اقتباس

    Flight to DZThe British operation was limited to just 600 troops of the 3rd Battalion. The Battalion would fly from RAF air fields on Cyprus, but, because of lack of parking space at the airfields, and because of the older British aircraft, obsolete side loading Hastings and Valentines, the initial assault would be dangerously small. One of the main reasons the British had to use these older aircraft was the United States, who were totally against any military action, refused to supply any help to Britain and France, especially in the form of Aircraft. Also, because of the shortage of aircraft, the Battalion would have to land with no heavy weapons support. The plan allowed the Battalion eight minutes to drop all its troops and equipment at El Gamil, an airfield that was 1 mile long and only half a mile wide, bounded on both sides by water. To avoid drifting in the air they planned to drop in 3 waves at varying heights. The first wave would drop at 500 ft, the second wave, , the Heavy lift, at 800 ft, and the third and last wave at 1,000 ft. This also met the Paratroops would be in the air the shortest amount of time possible.

    DropEarly on the 5th of November, the Battalion boarded their aircraft in Nicosia, Cyprus. 3 Para would drop before the French. Three companies, (A, B and C), and their suppliers, were lifted from Nicosia aboard 26 Hastings and Valetta's. Protected by RAF fighters and ground attack aircraft, the heavily laden transports approached the DZ. at 0515, flying from the northwest directly into the sun. At 0715 hours, despite the delays, caused by the old side loading aircraft, 85% of the Battalion was on the ground within 10 minutes, having suffered only one fatality, and a few major injuries.



    David Pentland / Cranston Fine Arts
    Suez Drop, 5th November 1956
    by David Pentland
    David Pentland / Cranston Fine Arts

    The above painting is available
    on line athttps://www.war-art.com/
    Please note that BSW dose NOT profit from any sales of this painting. We are very grateful to the people at
    Cranston Fine Arts for allowing us to display David Pentlands work

    Gamil AirfieldUnlike their French Allies, the British did not carry any personal weapons for using during their descent, and had to wait until they were on the ground before they could break open the containers that carried their small arms and ammunition. Many of the British paratroopers would have been killed as they landed on the open airfield, but the Egyptians, fearing a landing, had covered the runway with sand filled oil drums. These drums provided cover for the British paratroopers, and they were able to secure their weapons, reorganize, and move in to attack the defenders.

    A Company rushed to secure the northwestern end of the airfield, encountering only sporadic resistance from Egyptian defenders. B company moved towards the Port Said end of the airfield, to block Egyptian reinforcements. The fighting was a short and bloody, hand to hand engagement all the way. C Company cleared the airfield itself setting up a command post and defensive positions among oil drums strewn across the runway. Within 30 minutes the objective was firmly in British hands. A second lift brought in the rest of 3 Para, and on the return trip the helicopters evacuated the wounded to the fleet offshore. During the day, 3 Para was attacked by French jet fighters. Fortunately the Battalion did not suffer casualties from this attack. Not the first time friendly fire would problems during Operation Musketeer.

    Meanwhile, the French 2 RCP, who had dropped onto a smaller DZ. south of the Raswa bridges at 0530, had a very successful assault. They landed in an incredibly short period time, 4 minutes, but had to fight to establish their hold, having dropped literally on to the heads of the Egyptian defenders. They advanced, and captured the western end of the Raswa Bridge by 0900. The French dug in around their objective, sending out probing patrols towards Port Said. At 1530 they were joined by a second battalion, which dropped onto salt pans to the east of Port Fuad. Meanwhile, a small detachment of British Paras from the 9th Independent Squadron Royal Engineers, who had landed with the French first wave, conducted a reconnaissance down the canal towards Ismailia, but found no signs of the enemy.

    cemetery. Crown Back at El Gamil airfield, 3 Para had destroyed all opposition at the airfield. Throughout the day, close air support from both British and French aircraft, supported 3 Para, who by now, were having great difficulty overcoming resistance around the nearby sewage farm, which also was home to thousands of mosquitoes, who proved to be more irritating than the Egyptians. A big fire fight also took place at the cemetery and the Coast Guard barracks, on the outskirts of Port Said. By 1300 hours they're running short of ammunition, and the order was given to dig in. They remained in these positions, under constant sniper fire, and waited for the morning to arrive and the seaborne landings to begin.

    At 900 hours the next morning, the 6th of November, communications were established with the seaborne assault

    force, who, were still 15 miles out to sea. H.M.S. Ceylon was assigned as fire support for 3 Para. A forward fire

    control unit, which had dropped with 3 Para on the airfield, now started looking for targets for the big guns offshore, but none could be found.

    Moving into Port Said3 Para resumed its attack towards Port Said, from the direction of El Gamil airport. The French Paras, reinforced from the sea by the 1st Foreign Legion Parachute Regiment, and a unit of AMX 13 light tanks. They were able to consolidate their hold on the important Raswa Bridge and Port Fuad. House clearing operations continued throughout the day, but by 1200 hours Centurion tanks of A Squadron, 6th Royal Tank Regiment finally linked up with the French. The Egyptian positions in and around Port Said were no longer tenable.

    With all objectives taken, the emphasis now shifted to the main objective, the Canal. The plan was to advance down the Canal road running south towards Ismailia. A squadron, 6 RTR, with French Para support, began to move down the narrow causeway towards more open ground at El Cap without delay. The 2nd Battalion Parachute Regiment, who had originally been assigned this task, arrived via the troopship Empire Parkeston, sometime in the afternoon of the 6th. The Battalion's disembarkation was delayed due to sniper fire and the sudden arrival of two Russian built, T34 tanks only 200 yards from the harbour. RAF and Fleet Air Arm aircraft soon knocked these out. Due to this delay in disembarkation, 2 Para did not assemble at Raswa until 1900 hours, to spearhead the advance.

    British troops dug in. Crown The aim was to establish positions beyond the causeway by the time of the cease-fire, which the Allied General Command knew was coming. This would gain more room for maneuvering, should the fighting flare up again. 2 Para started their advance towards Ismailia at 2300 hours, accompanied by the tanks of A squadron, 6th RTR. British troops did manage to reach El Cap, about 40 km south of Port Said, by the time the cease-fire was announced. As the British troops dug in they realized, that they were just a few short hours from taking their main objective.

    During the Suez Invasion, 3rd Para had lost 4 dead and 36 wounded and had taken 17 prisoners. The 3rd Battalion's drop on El Gamil Airfield was the first and last combat jump by a battalion group, (Support Arms also jumped) since the 2nd World War.

    اقتباس


    Also see

    Demob ?
    By Walter Dinsdale Royal Signals
    who dropped with Bde HQ 3 Para






    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    افتراضي Demob ?

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    Demob ?


    By Walter Dinsdale Royal Signals

    who dropped with Bde HQ 3 Para at El Gamil




    اقتباس


    اقتباس
    The main thing I remember concerning Suez (without heroics) was my demob. I'd nearly completed my 5 years with the colours, taking the mick out of the 3 Para mates etc. and I left Cyprus for demob in good old Blighty. I left Aldershot for home in County Durham and four hours after arrival the police called with a message telling me to report back to Aldershot.

    اقتباس

    Next day back in Aldershot and then off to Portsmouth to embark on an aircraft carrier bound for Cyprus. Here came the crunch. A certain Sgt. X decided to get a special license to wed his good lady and a group photo was taken by the press at the railway station. This photo then appeared on the front page of the Sunday Pictorial and was seen in Cyprus. We were on the boat and knew nothing about this.

    After arriving in Cyprus I had the urine extracted by everyone I knew who I'd bragged to about my demob. This was when I became a member of H.Q. for Suez (but I still put my collar up whenever I drove into 3 Para lines). I was the radio technician, so on landing I would run like hell with whatever equipment I was lumbered with, check in, then I would run like hell again to get the ground to air communications going as the RAF had a taxi rank (Yep that's what they called it) of ground support aircraft waiting above . The next step was to open up a ship to shore link (rear link) and as the main gear whistled in then make do with what was left.
    The photo here was taken during Eoka ops Cyprus 1956. It shows Field Marshall Harding talking to Col Crook ( 3 Para CO). From left to right. Wally Dinsdale, Cooper, Taffy, Field Marshall Harding and Colonel Crook

    The photo here was taken during Eoka ops Cyprus 1956

    It shows Field Marshall Harding talking to Col Crook ( 3 Para CO)


    The Following is taken from THE WIRE Royal Signals Magazine December 1956

    On the morning of the 5th of November a force of aircraft took off from Cyprus carrying officers and men of the 16th independent Parachute Brigade group. This force was designed to drop directly on the airfield and carried with it 11 jeeps and trailers containing wireless sets and four anti-tank guns to deal with the enemy tanks reported in the area of the DZ.

    NicosiaThe Royal Signals party, which formed part of the T.A.C. Brigade H.Q., consisted of one officer and 19 other ranks. These were Lt. M. J. Flynn, Sgt. Paxton, Corporals Baxter, Blake, Dinsdale, Griffiths and Waumsley, Lance-Corporals Hudd, Ramsay and Green, signal men Saddler, Coomber, Paddick, Thornbury, Smith and Watson, drivers Aarons, Braid and Davidson. In addition one French and two British officers were attached to make up the A.C.T. ( Air Control Team). Signalmen Blackmore and Herrington dropped with the French Parachute force to operate the British liaison officers wireless set . 33 Parachute Field Regiment R.A. Signal Troop were represented by Lance- Corporals Bustedd and Bradbury and signalmen Bayer. They dropped with the F.O.B. party on the British D Z.

    The dropThe drop took place at 0715 hours. On the DZ. the enemy had placed 40 gal tar drums as obstacles to a parachuting force and on the north side, on the beach there were two rows of mines. From the time the force jumped. they were engaged by small arms fire and as they landed the first bombs and ****ls fell on the DZ. The force rallied quickly at their RVs except for the leading company, which landed so close to the perimeter defensive positions that they were committed directly to an assault to by their Company Commander.

    There were two pillboxes placed to cover the airfield and it was fortunate for the force that one of these was quickly overrun. The second proved much more difficult to subdue. This pillbox and the slit trenches nearby were cleared by 0815 hours. The leading troops were then engaged by snipers from the beach chalets on the north side of the road leading to Port Said. These too were cleared by 0845 hours.

    Gamil AirfieldTactical brigade H.Q. established itself against the wall of an outbuilding next to the control tower to get what protection it could from mortar fire and from ****ls from Russian made S.P. guns which were firing on the DZ. After the roll call had been taken, it was found that Signalmen Paddick was missing He was carried in later by stretcher-bearers having been wounded by a mortar bomb on the DZ. All the wounded were evacuated to two aircraft carriers and to Cyprus by naval helicopter and French Dakota. Signalmen Paddick has since had his leg amputated above the knee. He remained cheerful and resolute throughout.

    All parachute manpack wireless equipment arrived intact except for three batteries out of the eight dropped. The heavy drop was not quite as successful and all 3 WS 52 in trailers were damaged and unworkable but one trailer provided a small reserve of 4 batteries and one 300-watt charging engine.

    Thus the tactical H.Q. was dependent solely on the WS 62 and with limited batteries and charging facilities it was necessary to restrict links to the Tactical Brigade H.Q. to the H.Q. ship to one. Despite all this, communication with the ship's H.Q. were established 20 minutes after landing. The first message sent was a request for evacuation of the wounded by helicopter.

    The Tactical Brigade G forward link was establish without difficulty and the French formation, which was under command, came up on this net using one of their own sets manned by Herrington and Blackmore.

    Egyptian POW.Crown Air cover was available the whole time and the airborne force was able to call down aircraft on any target they wished to engage. Air strikes were very soon necessary. The first was on a heavily defended position in the sewage farm just off the airfield perimeter. The enemy was well dug in and had been subjected to several air strikes. The final strong points of the airfield defenses were encountered a few hundred yards further on, in a cemetery surrounded by a thick stone wall. A defensive position had been prepared, hidden among and protected by tombstones. This position was alongside the road and blocked the approaches to Port Said. It was held by 30 Egyptian soldiers who fought most bravely and only after several air strikes and a company attack was this position captured.

    Crown The Battalion had reached the first block of flats in the residential area of Port Said and Tac H.Q. had moved itself forward to the first of the beach chalet's from which the snipers had been cleared earlier in the day. By late afternoon heavy mortar fire was brought down on the leading company and only lifted when the commander of the Port Said Garrison asked to discuss terms. The positions therefore remained unchanged until morning when, the terms having been rejected, the assault landings were put, and the advance of 3 Parachute continued, this time in an attempt to link with 3 Commando Brigade, which had landed on the beaches about half a mile to the east. During this period two MiG fighters strafed the airfield.

    The link up was only a matter of time and the main concern of the Parachute Brigade Tac H.Q. was to make contact with the French Parachute force, that landed south of Port Said. This was done by the Provost officer, who went by helicopter.

    Meanwhile the remainder of the Brigade, having left Cyprus on the 4th of November, was anxiously awaiting news of the parachute drop. By manning the receivers on the LST which carried main brigade H.Q. the Signal Squadron first intercepted the real link to the H.Q. ship, while still 100 miles offshore and were thus able to keep the Deputy Commander and his staff up to date with the position on shore. Wireless silence at sea was broken at 0500 hours on the day of to the parachute drop, while the seaborne force was still some way out. A WS 62 was immediately opened up on the deck of the LST and main Brigade H.Q. joined the G Forward Command Net.

    When the rest of the Brigade Group was ashore, Main H.Q. assumed control and the normal ground role communications were quickly established.

    The thing that will remain longest in the memories of the Royal Signals personnel who were with the parachute party ( apart from the smoke and noise ) was the efficacy of the WS 62, for which, it is only fair to state, conditions were ideal, and the vital importance of the WS BE 201. Without it no air strikes could have been directed and controlled.

    We are very grateful to Wally for allowing us to publish his story and for forwarding the copy of Royal Signals "Wire" Magazine giving us some much need details. Please take a moment to read about The El Gamil Group by clicking on the banner below

    اقتباس



    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    افتراضي By Sea, By Air The Marines Go In

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    By Sea, By Air
    The Marines Go In



    اقتباس

    اقتباس


    اقتباس
    On 26th July 1956, President Nasser of Egypt seized the Suez Canal. The Chiefs of Staff were asked to prepare to retake the Canal. Lord Mountbattten offered a Royal Marine formation to hold Suez until three Divisions, or whatever Army formations, could be raised to hold the Canal. The offer was not accepted, but a Brigade was to spearhead the seaborne landings, and took part in its planning, from as early as August 1956. The ti****ble was long, and provided sufficient time for 40 and 42 Commandos to train with "C" Squadron, 6th Royal Tank Regiment, whose Centurions would be waterproofed to land near "40" on L-day (Landing Day).

    اقتباس

    The Amphibious Support Squadron for the landings rose to 20 ships, including Frigates and Destroyers. No.45 Commando would be aboard the Carrier H.M.S. Ocean, and Theseus, and as there were insufficient helicopters, would be tasked as a floating reserve, while 40 and 42 Commando landed to seize the Interior basin.

    HMS BulwarkAt dawn the 6th of November ( L Day) , the invasion fleet took postions 8 kilometers ( 5 miles ) off Port Said, and began an hour long the bombardment of the Egyptian Shore positions. All the troops taking part in the invasion had noticed that the press seemed to know more about their invasion plans than the troops did themselves. British journalists had been publishing full reports of the forthcoming invasion in the British newspapers. Not the sort of information you want to just hand out to the enemy. The night before the invasion, a prominent journalist from a popular English newspaper, who was aboard H.M.S. Theseus to cover the invasion, was pulled aside by members of 45 Commando and informed that, if they found out about any more security leaks in his newspaper, he would be "invited" to join the Marines in their assault, in fact they would make sure he'd lead the advance.

    The Marines come ashoreThe Troops of 40 and 42 ran in towards the smoke covered beach, no light showed from the shore, and a pall of smoke from burning oil tanks hung over Port Said. Each Commando unit had two Troops in LVTs as the leading wave, with a second wave of Troops in LCAs. The first line of 15 amphibians churned on to the beach, with 42 on the right and 40 on the left. It was just before dawn, and fortunately there were no mines on the beach. There had been no SBS recce to check these beaches, probably due to the political risk.

    As the bombardment and air attacks kept the Egyptians busy, the LVTs ran in, between the beach front houses. Fifteen minutes later, LCTs put the tanks ashore in Fishermen's Harbour on 40 Commando's left. Once the tanks were ashore, 40 was ready to move three Troops at H+90 minutes. 40 Commando advanced along the harbour to the Canal Company offices and Navy House, while 42 Commando advanced through the center of town to the Railway Station and British Consulate, A troop was sent in with a tank as support, to rescue the British consul. A naval gunfire observer in the first wave, called a down Navy gun fire on the Egyptian defenders in the Cassino, as the building disappeared under the smoke and dust, he cheerfully signaled back to his opposite off shore saying, "Everyone a coconut".

    40 CommandoAccompanied by the tanks, 40 Commando now moved to their objectives between the Harbour basins, which were to be used for landing reinforcements for I I Corps, later in the day. To begin with, resistance was light, but it soon stiffened, and degenerated into urban fighting, grenades, tanks, and rifles at close range. The following morning, with the beachhead secure, 40 Commando moved down the dual carriage way, and the convoys came under fire from the side streets. The LVT's were on loan, and when called up, had no armour pinned on, over the weapons slots in the sides. X Troop captured the power station, and A Troop engaged a stout group of Arabs in the market, while other troops expanded the beachhead.

    45 taking off from HMS TheuseusAt 1600 hours, the helicopters on both Aircraft carriers were given orders to land the first wave of 45 Commando into Port Said with the Whirlwinds taking off first and then the Sycamores. Within five minutes all helicopters were airborne, flying low towards their target at 17 knots. The first wave of Marines were landed close to the statute of Ferdinand de Lesseps. As the Marines of the first wave safely disembarked from helicopters, the Whirlwinds immediately returned to the aircraft carriers, to lift more of 45 Commando into Port Said. All 415 men of 45 Commando and 25 tons of their equipment, were lifted ashore by helicopter within one hour and 45 minutes. The helicopter's continued its to supply the Marines and evacuate casualties back to the ships offshore. One wounded Marine was back in the ships and sick bay, 20 minutes often leaving the ship to go ashore.

    Friendly fire caused casualties among the Marines, when a Royal Navy Wyvern attacked the Marine landing site with rockets. Members of 45 HQ company were hit by explosions from this aircraft, while trying to lay out identification panels. One marine was killed, and 15 others wounded, including the CO and the intelligence officer. 45 Commando now started to fight their way towards their objective, which was, to link up with 3 Para, coming from Gamil Airfield.

    By midday, 3 Commando Brigade, was ashore and had secured all its objectives, although fighting still continued in the town center, and at the canal company offices, for much of the day. X troop, of 40 Commando, with the help of some Centurion Tanks, took Navy House at around 1500 hours. Before the attack went in on Navy House, FAA, called in by 40 Commando, for an air strike on the building. This air attack destroyed most of the building and set it alight. The Marines now did fierce battle with the Egyptian defenders, killing 30 of the Egyptians, and taking another 20 prisoner. The fighting around Navy House was the fiercest the Marines had experienced all day.

    X troop hoisting the White Ensign at Navy HouseThe Commando's transport had been landed from H.M.S. Lofoten in time to reach 45 Commando in the early afternoon of L-day. A major fire broke out, impairing the Commando's progress westwards, and they had to engage Egyptian troops. By the end of operations on that day, 40 Commando had sealed off Navy House Quay, and X troop had a lively time with an Egyptian ammunition dump which had caught fire. Brigade HQ was spread between two blocks of flats on the sea front, and 42 held the beach area. X troop later joined A Troop at the Power Station. 45 Commando had been in defensive positions since nightfall, holding the area around Rue El Ghali Moukhtar, at the north-west corner of the town.

    The French and British were ordered to cease their advance under increasingly hostile political pressure from America, but within a few days, a couple of Commando climbers had managed to put a green beret on the head of De Lesseps' statue some 40ft, (12m), off the ground. The Commandos held the town and kept the peace with patrols, until relieved by UN sponsored peacekeeping troops, the Commando were then withdrawn to Malta on L+8.

    3 Brigade had suffered 9 dead and 60 wounded. The Brigade received six gallantry awards during the days action

    اقتباس





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    افتراضي The Air war over Suez

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    The Air war over Suez




    اقتباس


    اقتباس
    ValiantAt the start of the Suez Crisis the Egyptians Air Force was reported to have up to 120 front line aircraft including 50 MiG-15s and 20 Il-28, both state of the art Russian aircraft. To combat this, the RAF assembled a considerable force in Cyprus and Malta. Five Canberra B6 and Four Valiant B1 squadrons at Luqa with no less than eight Canberra B2 squadrons at Nicosia, a force tasked with bombing the Egyptian air force out of its British built bases from which the RAF had been operating a year earlier. Supporting the bomber force were twenty four Hunter F5s of Nos. 1 and 43 Squadrons and Meteor NF13s of No.39 Squadron at Nicosia, plus Meteor FR9s of No.208 squadron at Ta Kali, Malta. A Venom strike force composed of experienced Middle East operators, Nos. 6, 9 and 249 squadrons had also arrived at Akrotiri in Cyprus. With British aircraft and helicopter carriers heading from Malta carrying Six squadrons of Sea Hawks, four of Sea Venoms and one of Westland Wyverns and their Wessex helicopters. Pictured left is a Valiant courtesy of Edd Draper from his Royal Air Force site

    اقتباس

    CanberraThe first RAF aircraft to take part in Musketeer were Photo Reconnaissance Canberras which flew reconnaissance sorties over Egypt on 31st october. That night, the RAF Canberras bombed Almaza just before midnight, also attacking various other Egyptian Air Force airfields although Cairo International was also bombed unintentionally. The Canberras were unopposed apart from some enthusiastic, but inaccurate, anti-aircraft fire. The Valiants joined the raids with 1,000lb bombs. On 1st November, No.13 Squadron flew reconnaissance sorties as Fleet Air Arm Sea Venoms and Sea Hawks attacked more military installations backed up by the Wyverns of 813 Squadron from H.M.S. Eagle. The Venoms flew over 100 ground attack sorties without opposition. More Canberra and Valiant bombing raids followed that night, including the bases of the Il-28 aircraft as targets. Pictured right is a Canbera courtesy of Edd Draper from his Royal Air Force site

    By the morning, proof was that most of the Egyptian Air Force had been destroyed on the ground and the air strikes turned against the communications thereafter, while the Hunters provided cover for the Canberras as they systematically smashed Egypt's railway system and military barracks.

    SeahawkThe 4th November saw more air strikes, and the Fleet Air Arm flew more than 350 sorties as Shackletons and Meteors maintained patrols over the waters between Malta and Egypt. RAF Transport Command dropped troops on Gamil airfield at 4.44am on 5th November. After this, the RAF continued its air strikes against Egyptian positions and covered the Marines and Army landings, some made by RAF helicopters. The entire Task Force withdrew when the United Nations condemned the invasion and the United States threatened the British Government with Financial retribution. A ceasefire went into effect at Midnight on 6th November, eight days later UN forces occupied British positions.

    Please note that we have only touched the surface of the Suez invasion and will be adding more information to this site as time permits and we welcome any corrections to the above

    اقتباس





    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    افتراضي The Helicopter in Suez

    أنا : د. يحي الشاعر




    The Helicopter in Suez



    اقتباس

    اقتباس
    DragonfliesThe Suez Campaign saw the dawn of the helicopters role as an Assault Transport with British and French forces using their respective helicopters to transfer troops to the landing zone. The British and French employed the Sikorsky S-51 and S-55s, and Westland Dragonlies and Whirlwinds on CASEVAC (Casualty Evacuation) operations, General transport, communications and liaison duties.

    اقتباس

    Westland WhirlwindsHowever, the most significant role was used on the 6th November, when five hundred men of No.45 Royal Marine Commando were airlifted by helicopter from the two light fleet carriers H.M.S. Ocean and H.M.S. Theseus to land on a patch of waste ground beside De Lesseps statue in Port Said in the first helicopter-brone assault. The hcliopters were 8 Westland Whirlwinds of No.845 NAS, but these were reinforced by helicopters from a joint Army and RAF trails unit which had 6 Westland Whirlwind and 6 Bristol Sycamore helicopters. Immediately after the successful assault, the helicopters switched to the casualty evacuation role, with one Royal Marine, injured in fighting after landing with the first wave of troops form the carriers, being returned as a casualty by helicopter and arriving back aboard his ship just twenty minutes after leaving. CASEVAC operations by the helicopters also included the first combat air rescue, in which a Royal Navy Sea Hawk pilot was rescued from where he had landed some thirty miles inland.

    CASEVACThe Last action of the helicopter in the Suez campaign was involved in resupplying the H.M.S. Theseus which was running short of vital medical supplies on its way back to Malta after the Allied withdrawal. An RAF Shackelton drooped supplies into the sea from just 150 feet above sea level near sea marks dropped by the carrier. As soon as the Shackleton had passed, two Royal Navy Whirlwind helicopters, which were already airborne, picked up the waterproof container and had these safely aboard the ship within minutes of the drop being made. These operations resulted in the H.M.S. Bulwark being converted to a commando carrier in 1959-1960 to operate Helicopters instead of fixed wing aircraft.

    Please note that we have only touched the surface of the Suez invasion and will be adding more information to this site as time permits and we welcome any corrections to the above

    اقتباس






    Dr. Yahia Al Shaer

     

     


     
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    مواقع النشر (المفضلة)

    الكلمات الدلالية (Tags)
    1956, ألأنجلوفرنسي, ألغزو, بورسعيد, ينشر, جنود, فترة

    ماذا نشره جنود ألغزو ألأنجلوفرنسي عن فترة وجودهم في بورسعيد 1956

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